Eclipses of the sun and moon

An eclipse of the sun happens when the moon passes in front of the sun. If only part of the sun is blocked from view, it is a partial eclipse. If all of the sun is hidden, it's a total eclipse. If the center of the moon's disk passes directly in front of the center of the sun's disk but the moon is far enough away to appear as a smaller disk inside the sun's disk, it is an annular eclipse. In some eclipses, the moon's movement closer or farther from Earth as the eclipse happens causes the eclipse to be total in some places and annular in others. That's described as a hybrid eclipse. Partial and annular eclipses must be viewed carefully. The sun's light may be dim enough not to be painful when you look at such an eclipse. However, there may still be enough ultraviolet and infrared to damage the tissues inside your eyes. Only a total eclipse may be looked at safely with the unprotected eye, and even then you must still use eye protection during the partial phases.

An eclipse of the moon happens when at least part of the moon passes through Earth's shadow. If the moon passes through only the outer part of the shadow, or the penumbra, it is a penumbral eclipse. The earth is blocking only some sunlight from reaching the moon, so the moon may dim subtly without many people noticing. If the moon passes partially into the inner part of Earth's shadow, or the umbra, a partial eclipse occurs. From the parts of the moon that is darkest, the earth is blocking all of the sun's light except what refracts through Earth's atmosphere and casts an orange glow on the lunar surface. And if the moon passes entirely into the darkest part of Earth's shadow, a total eclipse occurs. No special precautions need to be taken to view an eclipse of the moon.

The times of solar eclipses vary from place to place. And you have to be in particular places along a certain path to see the total or annular phases. However, lunar eclipse times are the same all over if converted to the same time zone and the entire night side of the earth will see a lunar eclipse.

Here are the eclipses that occur during the 2010 decade. Dates and times are in the Universal Time. The time given is the moment of greatest eclipse.

Year Date and time Eclipse type Areas of visibility
2010 January 15 - 07:08 Annular solar Annular: E. Africa, Indian Ocean, S. Asia.
Partial: E. Africa, E. Europe, S. and W. Asia, Indian Ocean
June 26 - 11:38 Partial lunar Americas, Pacific, Australia, S.E. Asia
July 11 - 19:35 Total solar Total: S. Pacific Ocean.
Partial: S. Pacific Ocean, W. South America.
December 21 - 08:17 Total lunar Atlantic, Americas, Pacific, far east Asia

2011 January 4 - 08:52 Partial solar E. Europe, W. Asia, N. Africa
June 1 - 21:17 Partial solar Arctic Ocean, N.E. Asia, N.E. North America
June 15 - 20:13 Total lunar W. Pacific, Antarctica, Australia, Indian Ocean, Asia, Africa, S. Atlantic
July 1 - 08:40 Partial solar Ocean areas south of Africa
November 25 - 06:21 Partial solar Antarctica and nearby ocean areas
December 10 - 14:32 Total lunar Pacific, Australia, Asia, Indian Ocean, E. Africa, E. Europe

2012 May 20 - 23:54 Annular solar Annular: Japan, N. Pacific Ocean, W. USA
Partial: E. Asia, W. North America, Arctic Ocean
June 4 - 11:03 Partial lunar Americas, Pacific, Australia, S.E. Asia, Antarctica, E. Indian Ocean
November 13 - 22:13 Total solar Total: N. Australia, S. Pacific
Partial: E. Australia, S. Pacific, Antarctica
November 28 - 14:33 Penumbral lunar Pacific, Australia, Asia, Indian Ocean, E. Europe, E. Africa

2013 April 25 - 20:08 Partial lunar W. Pacific, Australia, Asia, Africa, Indian Ocean, Atlantic, Europe
May 10 - 00:26 Annular solar Annular: Australia, Pacific
Partial: Australia, Malaysia, Pacific
May 25 - 04:10 Penumbral lunar W. Africa, Atlantic, Americas, Pacific, Antarctica
October 18 - 23:50 Penumbral lunar Asia, Indian Ocean, Africa, Europe, Americas, Arctic
November 3 - 12:48 Hybrid solar Total: Atlantic, Africa
Partial: N.E. South America, Atlantic, S. Europe, Africa

2014 April 15 - 07:46 Total lunar Atlantic, Americas, Pacific, Australia, Antarctica
April 29 - 06:05 Annular solar Annular: Antarctica
Partial: Antarctica, Indian Ocean, Australia
October 8 - 10:55 Total lunar Americas, Pacific, Australia, Asia, Indian Ocean
October 23 - 21:46 Partial solar N. Pacific, N.W. North America

2015 March 20 - 09:47 Total solar Total: N. Atlantic, Arctic Ocean
Partial: N. Africa, Europe, W. Asia, Greenland
April 4 - 12:00 Total lunar Americas, Pacific, Australia, Asia, Indian Ocean, Antarctica
September 13 - 06:55 Partial solar S. Africa, S. Indian Ocean, Antarctica
September 28 - 02:47 Total lunar Africa, Europe, Atlantic, Americas, E. Pacific

2016 March 9 - 01:58 Total solar Total: Malaysia, Pacific
Partial: S.E. Asia, Australia, Pacific
March 23 - 11:47 Penumbral lunar North America, Pacific, Australia, E. Asia, E. Indian Ocean, Antarctica
August 18 - 09:42 Penumbral lunar Australia, Pacific, Americas, Antarctica
September 1 - 09:08 Annular solar Total: Africa, Indian Ocean
Partial: Africa, Indian Ocean
September 16 - 18:54 Penumbral lunar W. Pacific, Australia, Asia, Indian Ocean, Africa, Europe

2017 February, 11 - 00:44 Penumbral lunar Asia, Indian Ocean, Africa, Europe, Atlantic, Americas
February, 26 - 14:55 Annular solar Annular: S.E. Pacific, S. America, S. Atlantic, S. Africa
Partial: Antarctica, South America, S. Atlantic, W. Africa
August 7 - 18:20 Partial lunar W. Pacific, Australia, Asia, Indian Ocean, Africa, Antarctica
August 21 - 18:27 Total solar Total: N. Pacific, USA, N. Atlantic
Partial: N. Pacific, N. America, Arctic, N. Atlantic, N. South America

2018 January, 31 - 13:30 Total lunar North America, Pacific, Australia, Asia, Indian Ocean
February, 15 - 20:53 Partial solar Antarctica, S. Pacific, S. South America
July 13 - 03:02 Partial solar Ocean south of Australia
July 27 - 20:22 Total lunar W. Pacific, Australia, Indian Ocean, Antarctica, Asia, Africa, S. Europe, Atlantic
August 11 - 09:47 Partial solar Arctic, Greenland, N. Europe, Asia

2019 January, 6 - 01:43 Partial solar E. Asia, N. Pacific
January, 21 - 05:12 Total lunar Africa, Europe, Atlantic, Americas, Pacific
July 2 - 19:24 Total solar Total: S. Pacific, S. South America
Partial: S. Pacific, South America
July 16 - 21:31 Partial lunar Australia, Asia, Indian Ocean, Africa, Atlantic, South America
December 26 - 05:19 Annular solar Annular: S. Asia, Malaysia, W. Pacific
Partial: Asia, Indian Ocean, Australia, W. Pacific